The 2015 National Environmental Monitoring Work Conference was held in Wuxi, Jiangsu from April 1st to 2nd. Vice Minister of Environmental Protection Wu Xiaoqing attended the meeting and delivered a speech. The meeting was presided over by Wan Bentai, Chief Engineer of the Ministry of Environmental Protection, and Director Zhao Jiufang of the Supervision Department of the Ministry of Environmental Protection attended and spoke.
The main tasks of the meeting were to implement the Third and Fourth Plenary Sessions of the 18th CPC Central Committee, the Fourth and Fifth Plenary Sessions of the 18th Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, the Third Clean Government Work Conference of the State Council, the National â€œTwo Conferencesâ€ and the National Environmental Protection Work in 2015. The spirit of the meeting, in-depth analysis of the current situation facing the development of environmental monitoring, comprehensively summarize the progress of work in 2014, actively plan the development of the "13th Five-Year" environmental monitoring cause, arrange the 2015 key tasks, deploy the 2015 monitoring system, party integrity and integrity Work on the construction of the wind.
Wu Xiaoqing first analyzed the new situation facing environmental monitoring. He pointed out that China's economic and social development has entered a new normal state, and some new phase characteristics and trend changes have emerged in the construction of ecological civilization and environmental protection. The new instructions from the Party Central Committee and the State Council, the new requirements for environmental protection work, the new expectations of the people, and the implementation of the new Environmental Protection Law all indicate that it is currently in a favorable period for further environmental monitoring. In this regard, he stressed that the national monitoring system should have a clear understanding, take advantage of the situation and make a difference.
9 Urban Air Pollution Sources Announced that the primary source of pollution in Beiguang and Shenzhen-Hangzhou is the motor vehicle. In the environmental monitoring work in 2014, Wu Xiaoqing said that the past year has been a year of new progress in environmental monitoring. The National Monitoring System has thoroughly implemented the Air Pollution Prevention and Control Action Plan, and achieved new results in air quality monitoring. The central and local governments have invested a total of 436 million yuan to complete the third phase of air quality in 177 cities and 552 state-controlled monitoring sites. Standard monitoring capacity building, complete the monitoring of new air quality standards one year ahead of schedule, achieve full coverage nationwide, and build the largest air quality monitoring network in developing countries. Since January 1 this year, 1,436 monitoring points in 338 prefecture-level and above cities all have new standard monitoring capabilities and released 6 indicators monitoring data and AQI values â€‹â€‹in real time. The air quality monitoring and forecasting and early warning system was initially established. The monitoring and early warning system for air heavy pollution in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, Yangtze River Delta and Pearl River Delta regions was completed, and the air quality forecasting operation was realized and early warning information was issued in time. During the APEC meeting, Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shandong, Inner Mongolia, Shanxi and other provinces and autonomous regions monitored and reported more than 600,000 monitoring data such as PM2.5 and organized 29 meetings, which effectively guaranteed good air quality in Beijing during the meeting. status. A new breakthrough was made in the analysis of atmospheric particulate matter sources, and a technical method for the analysis and monitoring of ambient air particulate matter was initially constructed. At present, the first nine cities have completed the research of the source by taking effective measures to strengthen research and research. The research results show that motor vehicles, industrial production, coal combustion, dust, etc. are the main sources of particulate matter in the ambient air of most cities in China, accounting for 85%-90%. Supervised monitoring of pollution sources, self-monitoring of enterprises and disclosure of information have been further promoted. In 2014, the national environmental monitoring system carried out supervision monitoring of pollution sources to more than 14,000 state-controlled enterprises in the case of reduced special funds. The monitoring results were published on the websites of local environmental protection departments, with an average publication rate of 97.9%; 31 regions across the country. A platform for publishing information on self-monitoring results of enterprises was established. 10,597 national key monitoring enterprises conducted self-monitoring and published information on the platform, with an average publication rate of 91.4%. Environmental monitoring â€œintegration of heaven and earthâ€ has been further advanced, and environmental remote sensing monitoring has achieved remarkable results. The role of remote sensing monitoring in pollution prevention, supervision and enforcement, ecological protection, environmental emergency, nuclear safety supervision and other aspects is further highlighted. In 2014, more than 40 UAV flight inspections were conducted on atmospheric pollution sources in Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei and the surrounding 19 key industrial clusters. Some pollution smuggling problems were discovered, which shocked and shocked corporate pollution smuggling. In addition, in 2014, through continuous consolidation of the work foundation and continuous strengthening of monitoring quality management, the national environmental monitoring capability level was further improved, the credibility of monitoring data was effectively guaranteed, and routine and special monitoring work was further deepened.
In planning the development strategy of the â€œ13th Five-Year Planâ€, Wu Xiaoqing pointed out that the â€œ13th Five-Year Planâ€ should integrate and optimize the environmental monitoring network according to the needs of the three major action plans of the atmosphere, water and soil, and continuously strengthen pollution source monitoring and environmental emergency. With early warning and monitoring, we will continue to promote environmental remote sensing and ground ecological environment monitoring, continuously strengthen monitoring quality management and information disclosure, deepen the reform of environmental protection administrative management system, and gradually clarify the positioning of environmental monitoring functions.
When deploying the 2015 national environmental monitoring key work, Wu Xiaoqing emphasized that 2015 is a crucial year for comprehensively deepening reforms, a year of comprehensive promotion of the rule of law, and the end of the 12th Five-Year Plan. The national environmental monitoring system must conscientiously implement the new "Environmental Protection Law", "Atmosphere Ten" and the forthcoming "Water Ten", actively organize the implementation of national and local environmental quality monitoring, heavy pollution weather monitoring and early warning system construction, particle source analysis, pollution sources. Supervised monitoring and enterprise self-monitoring information disclosure, environmental remote sensing monitoring and application. We will focus on the following tasks: First, we must comprehensively strengthen the top-level design of environmental monitoring, conscientiously implement the Environmental Protection Law, vigorously promote the reform of the environmental monitoring and early warning system, and complete the preparation of the 13th Five-Year Development Plan for environmental monitoring. The second is to effectively improve the construction of water environment monitoring and early warning capabilities, optimize the integration of water environment monitoring network layout, and make the national water environment monitoring and early warning capability to a new level. Third, continue to strengthen the construction of heavy pollution weather monitoring and early warning system and the analysis of particulate matter sources. Before the end of October, all provinces (autonomous regions, municipalities), provincial capital cities and cities with separate plans were built with air quality forecasting and early warning systems; before the end of November, the preparation of source discharge lists for 13 pilot cities including Beijing, Tianjin and Shanghai was completed; before the end of the year, Basically complete the second phase of 26 key city source analysis work. The fourth is to consolidate and enhance the monitoring of pollution sources, self-monitoring of enterprises and disclosure of information. To further supervise the monitoring of pollution sources and improve the level of data utilization, it is necessary to supervise and urge the state-level key enterprises to conduct self-monitoring in accordance with relevant regulations in accordance with the relevant provisions of the new Environmental Protection Law, and publicly monitor the information to the public. The fifth is to continuously strengthen special monitoring work such as soil and rural areas. Complete the national soil environmental quality monitoring network construction, gradually improve the soil environmental monitoring and evaluation technical system and standard specifications, and further improve the rural environmental quality assessment technical methods. The sixth is to strengthen the quality management of environmental monitoring. It adopts three forms of cross-checking, flight inspection, and back-checking, and conducts special inspections of national air quality monitoring data. The inspection results are notified to the society, and the person responsible for the problem is punished according to law. The seventh is to continuously strengthen environmental remote sensing monitoring and promote the process of â€œintegration of heaven and earthâ€. This year, we will vigorously promote the development and implementation of two atmospheric environmental monitoring satellites and two 16-meter-resolution environmental satellites, strengthen the environmental monitoring capability of drones, and continuously deepen the development of environmental remote sensing technology in pollution prevention, ecological protection, and environmental supervision. In the field of monitoring applications, the construction of the red line remote sensing supervision platform for ecological protection is promoted. Eighth is to continue to strengthen the construction of environmental monitoring systems.
Finally, Wu Xiaoqing pointed out that in the face of the new situation and new tasks of environmental monitoring, the national environmental monitoring system must constantly enhance the overall situation awareness, responsibility awareness, mission awareness, and closely focus on the new needs of environmental management and the new expectations of the people. We will work hard to push environmental monitoring to a new level.
During the meeting, Zhao Jiufang, director of the Supervision Bureau of the Ministry of Environmental Protection, made a speech on the party's style and clean government. He said that in recent years, the national environmental system has attached great importance to the work of building a clean and honest government, earnestly implemented the clean government regulations of the Party Central Committee and the Party Group, and maintained a good situation of the party's work style and clean government in general, but it must also be fully and clearly understood. The new situation facing the construction of anti-corruption and honesty: First, the "two high judicial interpretations" and the new "environmental protection law" have put forward higher requirements for environmental monitoring. With the increase of various assessment and appraisal work, the environmental monitoring department The risk of dereliction of duty and dereliction of duty is getting higher and higher. Second, corruption and bribery still exist. Third, violations of the rules of honesty and self-discipline have occurred. Fourth, the characteristics of corruption cases are distinct and manifest in various forms.
Zhao Jiufang emphasized that in the face of the grim situation of combating corruption and promoting honesty, the national environmental monitoring system should thoroughly study and implement the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the 3rd and 4th Plenary Sessions of the 18th Central Committee, the Fifth Plenary Session of the 18th Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and the third clean government of the State Council. The spirit of the work conference was guided by the spirit of the important speech of Minister Chen Jining in the spirit of the 2015 national environmental protection system, the party's work style and clean government construction work and the inspection and rectification implementation mobilization meeting, paying close attention to discipline construction, paying close attention to the implementation of duties, paying close attention to industry supervision, and paying close attention to The work style construction has promoted the party's work style and clean government building and anti-corruption work to achieve new results. First, we must strengthen quality awareness and adhere to scientific monitoring of integrity monitoring; second, we must do a good job in inspection and rectification, and promote the development of party style and clean government; and third, we must implement the main responsibility and establish "responsibility for the soil, responsibility, responsibility, and dereliction of duty." The full responsibility chain of "responsibility"; Fourth, we must strengthen the construction of the monitoring system, and consolidate the results of educational practice activities; Fifth, we must persist in starting from me and give play to the role of party members and cadres.
The meeting thoroughly implemented the spirit of the eight central regulations, focused on the assignment of tasks and exchanges, and set up the monitoring work meeting and the clean government work meeting, reducing the amount of meetings and meetings, compressing personnel and content, and monitoring business operations. Closely integrated with the work of building a clean and honest administration, the form is new and the content is real, and it has received very good results.
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